International investment law

  • International standard of treatment of foreign investments (admission of investments, making of investments).
  • Treaties of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation.
  • Bilateral agreements of the RF on the promotion and protection of investments.
  • Investment protection treaties within the CIS and EurAsEC (EEC).
  • Multilateral treaties on certain aspects of investment cooperation (the 1965 Washington Convention, the 1985 Seoul Convention).
  • The terms “Investor”, “Investment”, and “Income”.
  • Legal treatment of foreign investments.
  • Umbrella clause (balance between contractual rights and the rights conferred by law).
  • Expropriation of investments and responsibility of a state.
  • Settlement of disputes between an investor and a host state (judicial proceedings, international arbitration).


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