Moscow Regional Collegium of Advocates

Moscow Regional Collegium of Advocates (MRCA) is one of Russia’s oldest organizations of advocates.

As a result of a judicial reform carried out by the Emperor Alexander II in 1864 the institution of sworn attorneys was established in Russia.

On September 16, 1866, the first general meeting of sworn attorneys of the Moscow judicial district was held. At this meeting the self-government body – the Council of sworn attorneys of the Moscow judicial district – was elected. The Moscow judicial district encompassed at that time Moscow and Moscow region (which was geographically more extensive than the present Moscow region).

The 1917 October Revolution and the subsequent Civil war disrupted for several years the functioning of the Council of sworn attorneys of the Moscow judicial district.

On July 5, 1922, the Peoples’ Commissariat of Justice approved the Regulations on the Collegium of defense counsels.

On September 18, 1922, Presidium of the Moscow City Council (Mossovet) formed by its Resolution the Moscow Governorate Collegium of Defenders re-establishing thereby under a new name the institution of sworn attorneys in the Moscow Governorate

On October 8, 1922, the first meeting of the members of the Collegium of defenders of the Moscow Governorate took place. In 1929, the Moscow Governorate Collegium of Defenders was renamed into the Moscow Regional Collegium of Advocates.

In August 1936, the Moscow City Collegium of Defenders split off from the Moscow Regional Collegium of Defenders. At the same time, the Moscow Regional Collegium of Defenders continued its activity not only in the territory of the Moscow region but in the territory of Moscow as well.

Following the adoption of the Constitution of the USSR in 1936 the Council of People’s Commissars of the UdSSR approved the Regulations on the bar of the USSR (August 16, 1939). The Regulations replaced the term “defender” with the term “advocate”.

The activity of the Moscow Regional Collegium of Advocates is currently regulated by the Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 63-FZ dated May 21, 2002 “On Advocacy and the Bar in the Russian Federation”.

The Moscow Regional Collegium of Advocates is one of the largest legal practices in Russia. It carries out its activity in the territory of the city of Moscow, irrespective of the Moscow City Collegium of Advocates, as well as in the territory of the Moscow region.

Around 1500 advocates carry out their activity as part of the Collegium.

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